Risk Factors for Men and Women's Infertility

Bullet Point Review of Infertility

Infertility means the condition of not being able to become a mother under certain parameters infertility is a common problem of women. It is mostly found in women of age 15-44 years.
There are 33% chances that cases of Infertility can occur due to the woman. Similarly, there are 33% chances that infertility can be because of man, and there are 33 % chances of the infertility cases that     occur due to the both sexes or due to the unknown problems, approximately.

infertility hospital in Lahore
Following factors can cause infertility in men
  • Varicicele
  • Low count of sperms
  • Weak sperms
  • Damaged sperms
  • Certain diseases
  • Absence of sperms
  • Impotence
 Risk factors for men’s infertility include followings:
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Toxins
  • Smoking
  • Aging
  • Health problems
  • Medicines
  • Radiations
  • Chemotherapy
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
Risk factors for women’s infertility include followings
  • Ovulation problems
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Uterine problems
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Aging
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Athletic training
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Toxins
  • Smoking
  • Aging
Age factor is a decreasing factor for infertility. After 35 years of age, 1/3 couples face this problem. The eggs of older women decrease in count and lose their health and potential. These eggs are less likely to be released by the females’ ovary. The woman can show miscarriage and other health problems.
So, women of age 35-45 should contact to the doctors and they should discuss their problems regarding marriage etc.
The histories of both sex partners are taken and following tests are done……
  • Ultrasound
  • Laproscopy
  • Sperm studies
  • Ovulation tess 
Hysterosalpingography (HSG).
Treatment of infertility:
The treatment of the infertility includes followings:
  • sperm studies
  • ovulation tests
  • ultrasound,
  • hysterosalpingograph
  • laproscopy.
  • Laboratory testing
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • History and general examination
  • Education
  • Insemination
  • Medications to induced egg development and ovulation.
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Third party reproduction
  • Surgery
Doctors use the histories of both partners and may run tests such as above tests.
  • Semen analysis
In semen analysis, following points are noted
·         Sperms count:
In fresh piece of semen’s sample the total number of sperms is checked and this tells us about the potency of the man 40 million to 300 million is the normal range for the number of sperm per milliliter.               
·         Sperms motility :
Fertility is all about the motile sperms in the fresh sample of semen. As the motile sperms have to travel a distance to fertilize the egg in the uterus. Hence, motility is noted of sperms.
·         Sperms morphology:
A normal sperm has a specific morphology. Hence, the morphology of the sperms is noted.
·         Semen volume :
 Sperms volume is noted because volume of semen is noted for the evaluation of infertility. The average volume of semen produced at ejaculation is 2 to 5 ml.