Anal Fistula Best Treatment

What is Anal Fistula

An anus is the outside opening through which feces are removed from the body. Simply inside the anus are various little organs. If one of these organs get to be distinctly obstructed, an abscess—an infected—cavity may be formed. The anal abscess is typically treated by surgical drainage, however some drain by itself. Around half of these abscesses may convert into a fistula, in which a little passage interfaces the infected organ inside the anus to an opening on the skin around the anus.
 This is a common disease in our society. People suffering from the anal fistula feel very painful. It disease cause discomfort and some also irritating symptoms in the patient, the Anal fistula patient do not become well by itself. In most if the cases, surgery is recommended by the physicians.

Symptoms of anal fistula

Followings are the symptoms of the anal fistula:
•         Sensation of the skin irritation around the anus.
•         A temporary, vibrating pain that may be worse when you sit down, move around, have a bowel movement or cough.
•         smelly discharge from near your anus 
•         passing pus or blood when you go toilet
•         swelling and redness around your anus and a high temperature (fever), if you also have an abscess
•         Difficulty controlling bowel movements  in some cases.

Diagnosis of Anal fistula:

As a rule, a clinical assessment - including an advanced rectal examination - is adequate to analyze a anal-centric fistula, yet a few patients may require extra tests to screen for:
•         Sexually transmitted infections.
•         Inflammatory bowel disease.
•         Diverticular disease.
•         Rectal cancer.
In uncommon cases, an examination might be done under anesthesia. The specialist may likewise mastermind an ultrasound, a CT examine or a MRI to be done.

Fistula Treatment:

As anal fistula does not heal at itself, the surgery is suggested in the cases of anal fistula.
The main options include:
•         Fistulotomy 
a methodology that includes cutting open the entire length of the fistula so it mends into a level scar.
•        Seton procedures 
 it is a process in   where a piece of surgical thread called a seton is put in the fistula and kept there for many weeks to aid it heal before a next procedure is carried out to treat it.
•        Fibrin Glue:
This is as of now the unrivaled non-surgical treatment way. The paste is infused into the fistula to seal the tract, and then the opening is sewed shut. It is a straightforward, sheltered and easy methodology, however long haul comes about for this technique are poor. Beginning achievement rates as high as 77% drop to 14% following 16 months.
•         other techniques 
 Including filling the fistula with special glue or covering it with a flap of tissue
Each one of these strategies has particular focal points and threats. You can inspect this with your master.
Numerous people don't need to stay in mending focus overnight after surgery, though some may need to stay in facility for a few days.